Thirty years ago ICARA 1 (International Conference on Assistance to Refugees in Africa, 1981) and ICARA 2 (1984) highlighted the ‘burden’ that refugees place on their hosts: imposing additional costs on already hard-pressed public and social welfare budgets, arresting economic growth, distorting markets, causing environmental degradation and putting political strains on already fragile and conflict-affected countries.On the other hand, refugees also bring economic benefits and development potential – for example, new skills and, above all, expanding consumption of food and commodities such as building materials, which stimulates growth of the host economy.At the same time, the host community may benefit from assistance programmes such as infrastructure and welfare services provided by agencies responding to refugees’ needs.
While you can now find out pretty much any information you want in seconds on the internet, in my view for key political information, nothing is quicker, more accurate and comprehensive than having a hard copy of ZPC to hand. I have two copies: one on my desk and one in my briefcase. I have used the Companion for a number of years and highly recommend it.
To have literally everything you would need in one handy, well laid out book regularly updated is invaluable.
The number of hours I have saved myself from searching the internet for something which is all to hand is amazing.
Disclosed is a method and system for online pool wagering wherein a first user may be provided with a representation of a ticket submitted by at least a second user.
The system may include software modules operative to provide a user with wager distribution statistics....
The system may include software modules operative to provide a user with wager distribution statistics.The notion of the ‘refugee burden’ has become firmly rooted in the policy vocabulary of governments and humanitarian actors.Understandably, governments emphasise the negative impacts and costs but these, although undeniable and well documented, are only part of the picture.Zetter’s Political Services is an independent research and publishing company.To complement the quarterly Zetter’s Political Companion directory, we have now developed Zetter’s Online.The aim of both products is to provide accurate political contact and biographical information - at an affordable price - to support public affairs and stakeholder engagement activities.