"Port cities like Surat were dominated by Indian merchant princes, who were held in high esteem in international trading circles.The most prominent Surat merchant in the mid-seventeenth century was Virji Vora, who was reputed to be the richest merchant in the world in his time, and could deploy as much as eight million rupees in trade." The prosperity of Surat received a blow when Bombay was ceded to the English as part of the dowry for Catherine of Braganza's wedding to Charles II in 1662.Shortly afterwards, in 1668, the East India Company established a factory in Bombay (Mumbai) and Surat began its decline.
Surat kabar indonesia online dating
The Parsis began to settle there in the 8th century. by a Brahman named Gopi, who called it Suryapūr (City of the Sun).
Local Hindu traditions state that the city was founded in the last years of the fifteenth century A. In 1512 and again in 1530 Surat was ravaged by the Portuguese Empire.
In 1513, the Portuguese traveller Duarte Barbosa described Surat as an important seaport, frequented by many ships from Malabar and various parts of the world. When the harbour in Cambay began to silt up toward the end of fifteenth century, Surat eclipsed Cambay as the major port of western India.
At the end of the 16th century, the Portuguese were undisputed masters of the Surat sea trade.
On the banks of the Tapti River, there is still a picturesque fortress that was built in 1540.
In 1608, ships from the English East India Company started docking in Surat, using it as a trade and transit point.
In 1615, following the Battle of Swally, Captain Thomas Best, followed by Captain Nicholas Downton, overcame Portuguese naval supremacy and obtained an imperial firman establishing an English factory at Surat.
The city was made the seat of a presidency of the East India Company after the success of the embassy God of Wealth.
Surat, is a port city previously known as Suryapur, economical capital Gujarat, and former princely state in the Indian state of Gujarat.