) (full name: al-Malik al-Kamel Naser al-Din Abu al-Ma'ali Muhammed) (1180–1238) was an Ayyubid sultan of Kurdish descent that ruled Egypt.During his tenure as sultan, the Ayyubids defeated two crusades.In a temporary agreement with the Crusaders, he ceded Jerusalem to the Christians.
Musab Qulawayh Qumi Bagdadi, commonly known as Ibn Qulawayh. Ibn Qulawayh’s father had relationship with Sad ibn Abdallah al-Qummi al-Ashari, a great Qummi traditionist.
shaykh Al-Kulayni was his teacher and Al-Shaykh Al-Mufid was one of the his students. He authored many books that the most prominent is kamil al-ziyarat.
Musab Qulawayh Qumi Bagdadi, known as Ibn Qulawayh was a dominant Shia traditionist and jurist.
In kamil al-ziyarat, 61 per cent of traditions had been collected from Qummis like his father in Qum and 13 per cent of them had been narrated from prominent Kufan, Muhammad b. This is contingent that in order to collecting traditions Ibn Qulawayh travelled to Baghdad and Egypt.
kamil al-ziyarat had been used for developing of some reliable sources like al-Mazar by Al-Shaykh Al-Mufid, Tahdhib al-Ahkam and al-Istibsar by Shaykh Tusi, Bihar al-Anwar, Mustadrak al-Wasa'el and Wasa'el ash-Shi'a.
The shia nature of the kamil al-ziyarat became apparent in some specific chapters of the book.There is 52 traditions at 8-15 chapters associated to Ziyarat of Imam Ali’s grave.Also 69 per cent of tradition are related to visiting of Husayn ibn Ali’s grave.In the long days and dark nights of occultation (ghaibat), neither our beloved prophet, Mohammad (s.a.w.a.) nor our Imam, Imam Vali-e-Asr (a.t.f.s) is present in our midst.The only way to quench the thirst of their recognition (ma’refat) and knowledge is through the treasure of books, which we have inherited from our great scholars.As it is narrated by the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) – in the last era, the faith of the people will be based on ‘black over white’ i.e. Books are the source through which we can acquaint ourselves with Islamic beliefs (aqaed), religious edicts (ahkam), history, and ethics (akhlaq).