The short life of the young diary writer, Anne Frank, has inspired numerous filmmakers in the 70 years since she died in a Nazi concentration camp.
Now, the first German-made feature is in the works.
According to eye-witnesses, it may have been on March 12, 1945 that she died of exhaustion and typhus in the camp. Seventy years later, the biography of the young girl continues to touch hearts world-wide.
Countless films, documentaries and television series have been made about her, including a Japanese manga.
The first attempts "The Diary of Anne Frank" was the first film adaptation of her story.
The successful producer and US director George Stevens, winner of the Oscar for Best Director for "Giant" in 1956, was hired to direct the film in 1959.
Europeans criticized the choice of Millie Perkins for the lead role.
The German newspaper "Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung" wrote about her: "She is pretty and talented, but the first attribute seems to dominate." Wearing nail polish and makeup in the style of Elizabeth Taylor, she did not look like an adolescent girl who had recently received a diary for her 13th birthday.The kitschy music was another distraction from the serious historical background of the film.The sound effects of lockstep marching, regular "Sieg Heil's" and threatening air raids didn't demonstrate strongly enough how endangered the Frank family actually was.He had experienced Nazi occupation firsthand as an officer for the US Army in charge of a film unit which covered major events of the war, such as the Allies D-Day invasion of Normandy, General de Gaulle's glorious march into Paris and the liberation of the Dachau concentration camp near Munich.The filmmaker was well acquainted with the background of Anne Frank's life.In 1956, the Hollywood mogul Samuel Goldwyn expressed his interest in producing a film on the famous diary writer. They wanted Audrey Hepburn, born the same year as Anne Frank in 1929 in Belgium, for the lead role. Anne's father Otto Frank, the only Holocaust survivor in the family, owned the rights to his daughter's diary and did not like the ideas for the script. Later on, Twentieth Century Fox obtained the contract.